Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

Critique the paragraph below with 150 words if you agree or disagree.

Autism fits under the category of a child or adolescent disorder primarily because this is a disability that generally appears before the age of three (National Autism Association, 2019). In my lifetime I have known many friends who have had children with this bio-neurological disorder. The Centers for Disease Control state that autism affects one in fifty-nine children in the U.S. today. Chances are, most of us will know someone personally whose life has been impacted by this disorder. Autism is a spectrum disorder, it refers to a broad range of conditions. Autism impacts the normal development of the brain in the area of social interaction, communication skills, and cognitive function (National Autism Association, 2019). Individuals with autism typically have difficulties in verbal and non-verbal communication, social interactions, and leisure or play activities. Some children or adolescents with autism can live more independently, while some require a significant amount of support in their daily lives (National Institutes of Health, 2017). Autism is diagnosed four times more often in boys than in girls. This disorder varies greatly from person to person, meaning no two people with autism are alike. This disorder does not affect life expectancy, however research has shown that the mortality risk is twice as high as the general population, due to drowning and other accidents (National Autism Association, 2019). There are treatment options that can help autism, but there is no cure. Treatment options may include; behavior and communication therapies, educational therapies, language therapy, and medication. Diagnosing autism spectrum disorder can be difficult, since there is no medical test, and no blood test, the DSM-5 is used to look at a child’s behavior to diagnose this disorder.

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Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

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