cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analysis.

cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analysis.


Fall ’15 – Final Exam

Open Book/ Open Notes – All Work to be your Own

Student Instructions & Guidance: There are 5 questions. Choose 4 of the 5 questions to answer (25 points each). Save your answers on a disk/CD file preferably in WORD format, and then submit it to the instructor through the Assignments Tab in our Canvas course.

Responses to each question should be roughly 2-4 pages (double spaced), but feel free to use more if necessary. It’s important to briefly list your underlying assumptions in replying to a particular question. Response is due by Wednesday, December 9th.

Chapter 14 in the HPPE text concerns collecting data in the field. Figure 14.1 shows a simplified framework for an “implementation analysis” for a welfare to work program. Figure 14.1 shows two outcomes in the plan: Individual-level and program-level [p. 330]. Describe what those two outcomes would be if the model was applied to the Affordable Care Act (aka Obamacare).Chapter13 in the PPPE text concerns process evaluation and implementation theory. Figure 13.1 lists six explanatory factors (independent variables or determinates) that might impinge (affect) a policy, program, project, and other intervention outcomes [p. 212]. Using an example that you choose from your work environment or one that is in the public media, select one of the six and briefly explain how that “factor” impacted the “process evaluation” that you selected.Chapter 21 in the HPPE text concerns cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analysis. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) implements many laws where Congress mandates a cost-benefit analysis must be conducted when the Agency is determining how a particular policy (law) should be implanted through their regulatory system. Box 21.6 “Step 6 Key Issue: Valuing Life” [p. 515] raises the concept known as the “Value of Statistical Life (VSL).” Take a simplified example where EPA has to prepare regulations on a dangerous but extremely effective pesticide in farming. Assume that the proposed use of the pesticide would occur 90% of the time in California farming. Provide a qualitative or quantitative VSL for EPA to use in their cost-benefit analysis. You need to clearly state your underlying assumptions in your VSL , for the pesticide is used 90% of the time in California, but the food crop(s) that it is applied to can be consumed throughout the U.S.Chapter 27 in the HPPE text concerns the use of evaluation in government. Exhibit 27.1 Political & Bureaucratic Challenges Affecting Use of Evaluation [p. 657] lists nine challenges in obtaining utility of an evaluation in a government organization. Using an example that you select from your work environment or one that is in the public media, select one (or more) from the list of nine and elaborate how it impacted the use/non-use of an evaluation.Chapter 15 in the HPPE text concerns a [somewhat broad spectrum] of using the internet for literature reviews. One example provided is Google Scholar a free search engine ( that provides you with full-text searches of academic journals in electronic form [pp. 349-350]. There is a caveat in using such powerful search engines. To site one example, in Google Scholar, the term “pesticides” brings up 1,170,000 results in 0.04 seconds. Briefly identify the value of a search engine, such as Google Scholar, and, conversely, the (academic) hazards of such a powerful computer-based mechanism. [Hint: There are s/w products on the market, such as “Turn It In” that can be used to evaluate prepared papers for extracting information from a source without citing that source.]

cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analysis.