20.Why do conservatives favor cutting taxes for the wealthy?
a. They believe the wealthy will spend and invest more money, benefiting the economy.
b. They believe the wealthy will contribute more to charity, benefiting people in need.
c. They believe that all taxes should be eliminated.
d. They believe the wealthy will contribute more to political campaigns, thus helping to elect conservatives.
21.Which state was the first to grant women’s suffrage?
d. Rhode Island
22.Which U.S. constitutional amendment granted women the right to vote on the national level?
23.Congress granted citizenship and voting rights to which group in 1924?
a. ex-Confederate soldiers
b. Japanese immigrants
c. Native Americans
d. railroad workers
24.Voting was extended to those 18 years of age or older through which constitutional amendment?
25.Federal law prevents a state from closing voter registration more than __ before a federal election.
a. 15 days
b. 30 days
c. 2 months
d. 6 months
26.Since 1952, there have been an equal number of Democratic and Republican presidents. Beyond party identification, the main factor that accounts for this is __.
a. candidate appeal
b. electoral appeal
c. platform appeal
d. party appeal
27.People tend to belong to the same political party as __.
a. their parents
b. their peers
c. their neighbors
d. their close friends
28.In terms of their ideology, most people in the United States are __.
a. slightly liberal
b. slightly conservative
29.What is the key to ensuring that a relatively small number of people can accurately represent the opinions of a larger population?
a. random sampling
c. question format
d. response rate
30.What factor is associated with fluctuations in party identification?
a. involvement in foreign wars
b. political corruption
c. congressional gridlock
d. economic conditions
31.Candidate appeal focuses on which of the following questions?
a. What interest groups have endorsed the candidate?
b. Does the candidate have religious or spiritual commitments?
c. What is the candidate’s position on health care policy?
d. What party does the candidate belong to?
32.There is considerable disagreement about how to interpret low voter turnout. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, what is the principal reason that people do not vote?
a. registration problems
b. too busy
c. political ideology
d. no interest
33.Of the following factors, which is usually correlated with a propensity to vote?
b. ethical orientation
34.Libertarians support which of the following?
a. repealing laws regulating abortion
b. instituting a public jobs program
c. creating programs to protect children from drugs
d. taxing the wealthy more heavily
35.Political scientists have identified three main elements of the voting choice. What are they?
a. candidate appeal, issues, and party identification
b. candidate appeal, issues, and intensity
c. issues, intensity, and intelligence
d. issues, party identification, and social class
36.How do elections in America compare with those in other democracies of the world?
a. Americans vote more frequently than citizens in other democracies of the world.
b. Americans vote less frequently than citizens in other democracies of the world.
c. Americans vote more frequently, but for fewer offices, than citizens in other democracies of the world.
d. Americans vote more frequently and for more offices than citizens in other democracies of the world.
37.The 2010 elections, where the GOP picked up congressional seats, was which type of election?