How do elections in America compare with those in other democracies of the world?

How do elections in America compare with those in other democracies of the world?

people are most likely to change their beliefs about which of the following?

a. banking regulations

b. liberty and freedom

c. abortion

d. the death penalty

2.Voters who carefully follow public affairs are known as which of the following?

a. attentive electorate

b. attentive public

c. active public

d. active electorate

3.An individual’s propensity to perceive, interpret, or act toward a particular object in a particular way is a(n) _.

a. ideology

b. belief

c. value

d. attitude

4.An election in which voters elect officeholders is which type of election?

a. general

b. primary

c. presidential

d. midterm

5.An election in which voters determine party nominees is which type of election?

a. general

b caucus

c. primary

d. midterm

6.What is the term for the proportion of the voting-age public that votes?

a. participatory segment

b. electoral segment

c. turnout

d. mobilization

7.An informal and subjective affiliation with a political party that most people acquire over the course of their lifetime is known as what?

a. party identification

b. voter identity

c. electoral socialization

d. platform identification

8.In public opinion research, the _ is the group of people whose preferences the researcher wants to measure.

a. subject group

b. demographic group

c. sample

d. universe

9.Which American president once said, “What I want is to get done what the people desire to be done, and the question for me is how to find that out exactly.”

a. Andrew Jackson

b. Abraham Lincoln

c. Theodore Roosevelt

d. Bill Clinton

10.Two major schools of political ideology dominate American politics. What are they?

a. conservatism and liberalism

b. conservatism and libertarianism

c. liberalism and progressivism

d. socialism and nationalism

11.What percentage of Americans currently view themselves as extremely conservative?

a. 2 to 4 percent

b. 4 to 8 percent

c. 8 to 12 percent

d. 12 to 16 percent

12.Typically, how many people attempt to influence how another person votes?

a. less than 1 percent

b. fewer than one in ten

c. about 10 percent

d. fewer than one in four

13.How are intensity of public opinion and salience related?

a. They are often correlated on the same issue.

b. They are essentially the same.

c. As intensity increases, salience goes down.

d. Intensity is a precondition for salience.

14.When is voter turnout lowest?

a. municipal primaries

b. midterm primary elections

c. midterm general elections

d. special elections

15.Issues that people believe are important to them are __.

a. intense

b. core values

c. salient

d. ideological issues

16.Which of the following is the most influential factor when voters develop the political attitudes they take into elections?

a. family

b. school

c. mass media

d. self-reflection

17.Voters who hold the belief that government can bring about justice and equality of opportunity subscribe to what political ideology?

a. liberalism

b. conservatism

c. libertarianism

d. socialism

18.Voters who hold beliefs in private property rights and free enterprise, and who want to enhance individual liberty by keeping government small, subscribe to what political ideology?

a. liberalism

b. conservatism

c. communism

d. fascism

19.Social conservatives differ from traditional conservatives in that they support which of the following?

a. social controls

b. economic controls

c. deregulation

d. military expenditures

20.Why do conservatives favor cutting taxes for the wealthy?

a. They believe the wealthy will spend and invest more money, benefiting the economy.

b. They believe the wealthy will contribute more to charity, benefiting people in need.

c. They believe that all taxes should be eliminated.

d. They believe the wealthy will contribute more to political campaigns, thus helping to elect conservatives.

21.Which state was the first to grant women’s suffrage?

a. Pennsylvania

b. Wyoming

c. Texas

d. Rhode Island

22.Which U.S. constitutional amendment granted women the right to vote on the national level?

a. Sixth

c. Twelfth

d. Nineteenth

e. Twenty-Third

23.Congress granted citizenship and voting rights to which group in 1924?

a. ex-Confederate soldiers

b. Japanese immigrants

c. Native Americans

d. railroad workers

24.Voting was extended to those 18 years of age or older through which constitutional amendment?

a. Ninth

b. Twenty-Sixth

c. Twenty-First

d. Fifteenth

25.Federal law prevents a state from closing voter registration more than __ before a federal election.

a. 15 days

b. 30 days

c. 2 months

d. 6 months

26.Since 1952, there have been an equal number of Democratic and Republican presidents. Beyond party identification, the main factor that accounts for this is __.

a. candidate appeal

b. electoral appeal

c. platform appeal

d. party appeal

27.People tend to belong to the same political party as __.

a. their parents

b. their peers

c. their neighbors

d. their close friends

28.In terms of their ideology, most people in the United States are __.

a. slightly liberal

b. slightly conservative

c. moderate

d. non-ideological

29.What is the key to ensuring that a relatively small number of people can accurately represent the opinions of a larger population?

a. random sampling

b. indexing

c. question format

d. response rate

30.What factor is associated with fluctuations in party identification?

a. involvement in foreign wars

b. political corruption

c. congressional gridlock

d. economic conditions

31.Candidate appeal focuses on which of the following questions?

a. What interest groups have endorsed the candidate?

b. Does the candidate have religious or spiritual commitments?

c. What is the candidate’s position on health care policy?

d. What party does the candidate belong to?

32.There is considerable disagreement about how to interpret low voter turnout. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, what is the principal reason that people do not vote?

a. registration problems

b. too busy

c. political ideology

d. no interest

33.Of the following factors, which is usually correlated with a propensity to vote?

a. ambition

b. ethical orientation

c. gender

d. geography

34.Libertarians support which of the following?

a. repealing laws regulating abortion

b. instituting a public jobs program

c. creating programs to protect children from drugs

d. taxing the wealthy more heavily

35.Political scientists have identified three main elements of the voting choice. What are they?

a. candidate appeal, issues, and party identification

b. candidate appeal, issues, and intensity

c. issues, intensity, and intelligence

d. issues, party identification, and social class

36.How do elections in America compare with those in other democracies of the world?

a. Americans vote more frequently than citizens in other democracies of the world.

b. Americans vote less frequently than citizens in other democracies of the world.

c. Americans vote more frequently, but for fewer offices, than citizens in other democracies of the world.

d. Americans vote more frequently and for more offices than citizens in other democracies of the world.

37.The 2010 elections, where the GOP picked up congressional seats, was which type of election?

a. presidential

b. representative

c. primary

d. midterm

38.Both political parties hope to register and mobilize __, who comprise the largest minority group in the United States.

a. African Americans

b. Hispanics

c. Arab Americans

d. Asian Americans
How do elections in America compare with those in other democracies of the world?



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