You also watched a chilling 1997 interview with Osama bin Laden in which he explains his rational for declaring jihad against the United States, as well as an article, “What ISIS Really Wants,” that outlined the group’s ideology. Both Al Qaeda and ISIS were comprised of brutal religious fanatics willing to spread terror to support their ideologies. But considered in light of Immerwahr’s argument about the changing nature of power in the modern world, where networks seemingly matter more than territory, what do you see as the fundamental differences between the two groups? Both groups are now largely defeated and decapitated, but the support for their varieties of extremism lingers on around the world. Which model of terrorism poses the greater threat to the world today: state-based entities such as ISIS and North Korea, or diffuse networks like Al Qaeda?
Models of terrorism