Pols 155 American Government
What best explains the overwhelming advantage incumbents possess in seeking reelection?
a. additional financial support from constituent taxes
b. additional financial support from the federal government campaign fund
c. congressional staff in home districts and access to district taxes
d. name recognition, access to media, and useful connections
e. name recognition, free postage, and access to district taxes
__ is the process of allotting congressional seats to each state according to its proportion of the population.
a. Apportionment b. Appropriations c. Delegation d. Gerrymandering e. Redistricting
Which of the following is a classic form of gerrymandering?
a. markup b. overriding c. packing d. reapportionment e. redistricting
The only way to stop a Senate filibuster is with __.
a. a cloture vote b. a party caucus c. a pocket veto d. the closed rule e. the open rule
Democrats who created the Blue Dog Coalition to work for budget cuts and increased defense spending were primarily responding to which influence?
a. constituent b. ideology c. interest group d. party e. president
What is one of the surest ways to kill a bill?
a. attach it as a rider b. discharge petition c. let it die in conference committee
d. pocket veto e. presidential veto
Members of Congress who vote based on the preferences of their constituents are acting as __.
a. delegates b. logrollers c. politicos d. riders e. trustees
Why are there currently 435 members in the House of Representatives?
a. The Constitution requires a specific ratio of representatives to constituents.
b. The Constitution stipulates this number. c. The number has changed to reflect gerrymandering.
d. The number has grown each decade, according to census data. e. The number is fixed at this limit by a statute.
The president pro tempore __.
a. has the power to nullify legislation with a pocket veto b. has the power to select the majority leader
c. is an honorific office awarded to the senior senator of the majority party
d. is a role bequeathed to the vice president by the Constitution
e. personally presides over the Senate floor when it is in session
__ committees exist in both the House and Senate, may be temporary or permanent, and usually have a focused responsibility.
a. Conference b. Joint c. Select/special d. Standing e. Temporal
_ committees pass the laws that set policy, whereas _ committees determine funding levels.
a. Authorizing, appropriations b. Authorizing, oversight c. Authorizing, revenue
d. Budget, appropriations e. Budget, revenue
A unanimous consent agreement specifies __.
a. when a bill will be taken up on the House floor, what amendments will be considered, and when a vote will be taken
b. when a bill will be taken up on the Senate floor, what amendments will be considered, and when a vote will be taken
c. whether a bill reaches the House floor under a closed rule, restricted rule, or open rule
d. whether a bill reaches the Senate floor under a closed rule, restricted rule, or open rule
e. whether a bill reaches the Senate floor without a discharge petition
According to the delegate model of representation, legislators are __.
a. expected to represent the views of their constituents b. free to vote as they please, whether constituents like it or not
c. obligated to follow a strict interpretation of the Constitution d. obliged to use their personal opinions in decision making
e. trusted to follow a strict interpretation of the Constitution
Who among the following is never allowed to introduce a bill in Congress?
a. a party whip b. the president pro tempore c. the president
d. the Senate majority leader e. the Speaker of the House
Packing and cracking both draw district lines in the favor of the majority party, and thus, are two types of __.
a. gerrymandering b. lawmaking c. logrolling d. oversight e. reapportionment
A special joint committee created to reconcile differences in bills passed by the House and Senate is called a(n) __ committee.
a. arbitration b. conference c. negotiation d. select/special e. standing
Congressional Member Organizations, or member caucuses, are __.
a. allowed to introduce legislation b. not allowed to be bipartisan
c. not allowed to cross House–Senate lines d. promoters of shared legislative interests e. rarely bipartisan
Charged with the responsibility to _, the _ is almost certainly the most powerful committee in either chamber of Congress.
a. set targets for spending and taxes, the House Budget Committee
b. investigate the performance of government, House Oversight and Government Reform Committee
c. make decisions about money for authorized programs, the Senate Appropriations Committee
d. oversee nominations and the Department of Justice, Senate Judiciary Committee
e. grant and set procedural rules, House Rules Committee
This individual keeps close contact with all members of his or her party, counts votes for key legislation, prepares summaries of bills, and acts as a communications link within the party.
a. committee chairperson b. majority/minority leader c. majority/minority whip
d. president pro tempore e. Speaker of the House
What is the typical trajectory of a bill in the House of Representatives?
a. introduction, committee referral, rules committee, subcommittee, full committee report, full House vote, conference committee, send to president
b. introduction, committee referral, subcommittee, full committee report, rules committee, conference committee, send to president, full House vote
c. introduction, committee referral, subcommittee, full committee report, rules committee, full House vote, conference committee, send to president
d. introduction, committee referral, subcommittee, rules committee, full committee report, conference committee, full House vote, send to president
e. introduction, subcommittee, committee referral, full committee report, rules committee, full House vote, conference committee, send to president
Which is an example of logrolling in Congress?
a. awarding a government contract to a campaign supporter b. introducing and sponsoring a bill
c. sponsoring a bill in exchange for federal monies d. supporting a bill in exchange for support of one’s own bill
e. working to get federal monies for an interstate highway
You are a member of the House of Representatives, and wish to introduce a bill. What do you do?
a. announce the bill on the floor after a motion to the presiding officer
b. announce the bill on the floor and by memo to your colleagues c. offer the bill as an amendment to pending legislation
d. offer the bill to the Speaker of the House e. place the bill in the hopper
Which response best reflects the dilemma of earmarks?
a. Earmarks are beneficial to taxpayers but detrimental to reelection.
b. Earmarks favor federal employees at the expense of state employees.
c. Earmarks favor one district at the expense of all American taxpayers.
d. Earmarks are always wasteful expenditures but are useful to politicians.
e. Earmarks are typically beneficial to districts but allow the federal government to collect an undue share of tax revenue.
One example of the Framers’ intent to insulate the Senate from the tyranny of the majority was to __.
Pols 155 American Government