Which kind of committee can be convened to conduct a special investigation in the event of a major scandal?

Which kind of committee can be convened to conduct a special investigation in the event of a major scandal?

Multiple-Choice Questions

What best explains the overwhelming advantage incumbents possess in seeking reelection?

a. additional financial support from constituent taxes

b. additional financial support from the federal government campaign fund

c. congressional staff in home districts and access to district taxes

d. name recognition, access to media, and useful connections

e. name recognition, free postage, and access to district taxes

__ is the process of allotting congressional seats to each state according to its proportion of the population.

a. Apportionment b. Appropriations c. Delegation d. Gerrymandering e. Redistricting

Which of the following is a classic form of gerrymandering?

a. markup b. overriding c. packing d. reapportionment e. redistricting

The only way to stop a Senate filibuster is with __.

a. a cloture vote b. a party caucus c. a pocket veto d. the closed rule e. the open rule

Democrats who created the Blue Dog Coalition to work for budget cuts and increased defense spending were primarily responding to which influence?

a. constituent b. ideology c. interest group d. party e. president

What is one of the surest ways to kill a bill?

a. attach it as a rider b. discharge petition c. let it die in conference committee

d. pocket veto e. presidential veto

Members of Congress who vote based on the preferences of their constituents are acting as __.

a. delegates b. logrollers c. politicos d. riders e. trustees

Why are there currently 435 members in the House of Representatives?

a. The Constitution requires a specific ratio of representatives to constituents.

b. The Constitution stipulates this number. c. The number has changed to reflect gerrymandering.

d. The number has grown each decade, according to census data. e. The number is fixed at this limit by a statute.

The president pro tempore __.

a. has the power to nullify legislation with a pocket veto b. has the power to select the majority leader

c. is an honorific office awarded to the senior senator of the majority party

d. is a role bequeathed to the vice president by the Constitution

e. personally presides over the Senate floor when it is in session

__ committees exist in both the House and Senate, may be temporary or permanent, and usually have a focused responsibility.

a. Conference b. Joint c. Select/special d. Standing e. Temporal

_ committees pass the laws that set policy, whereas _ committees determine funding levels.

a. Authorizing, appropriations b. Authorizing, oversight c. Authorizing, revenue

d. Budget, appropriations e. Budget, revenue

A unanimous consent agreement specifies __.

a. when a bill will be taken up on the House floor, what amendments will be considered, and when a vote will be taken

b. when a bill will be taken up on the Senate floor, what amendments will be considered, and when a vote will be taken

c. whether a bill reaches the House floor under a closed rule, restricted rule, or open rule

d. whether a bill reaches the Senate floor under a closed rule, restricted rule, or open rule

e. whether a bill reaches the Senate floor without a discharge petition

According to the delegate model of representation, legislators are __.

a. expected to represent the views of their constituents b. free to vote as they please, whether constituents like it or not

c. obligated to follow a strict interpretation of the Constitution d. obliged to use their personal opinions in decision making

e. trusted to follow a strict interpretation of the Constitution

Who among the following is never allowed to introduce a bill in Congress?

a. a party whip b. the president pro tempore c. the president

d. the Senate majority leader e. the Speaker of the House

Packing and cracking both draw district lines in the favor of the majority party, and thus, are two types of __.

a. gerrymandering b. lawmaking c. logrolling d. oversight e. reapportionment

A special joint committee created to reconcile differences in bills passed by the House and Senate is called a(n) __ committee.

a. arbitration b. conference c. negotiation d. select/special e. standing

Congressional Member Organizations, or member caucuses, are __.

a. allowed to introduce legislation b. not allowed to be bipartisan

c. not allowed to cross House–Senate lines d. promoters of shared legislative interests e. rarely bipartisan

Charged with the responsibility to _, the _ is almost certainly the most powerful committee in either chamber of Congress.

a. set targets for spending and taxes, the House Budget Committee

b. investigate the performance of government, House Oversight and Government Reform Committee

c. make decisions about money for authorized programs, the Senate Appropriations Committee

d. oversee nominations and the Department of Justice, Senate Judiciary Committee

e. grant and set procedural rules, House Rules Committee

This individual keeps close contact with all members of his or her party, counts votes for key legislation, prepares summaries of bills, and acts as a communications link within the party.

a. committee chairperson b. majority/minority leader c. majority/minority whip

d. president pro tempore e. Speaker of the House

What is the typical trajectory of a bill in the House of Representatives?

a. introduction, committee referral, rules committee, subcommittee, full committee report, full House vote, conference committee, send to president

b. introduction, committee referral, subcommittee, full committee report, rules committee, conference committee, send to president, full House vote

c. introduction, committee referral, subcommittee, full committee report, rules committee, full House vote, conference committee, send to president

d. introduction, committee referral, subcommittee, rules committee, full committee report, conference committee, full House vote, send to president

e. introduction, subcommittee, committee referral, full committee report, rules committee, full House vote, conference committee, send to president

Which is an example of logrolling in Congress?

a. awarding a government contract to a campaign supporter b. introducing and sponsoring a bill

c. sponsoring a bill in exchange for federal monies d. supporting a bill in exchange for support of one’s own bill

e. working to get federal monies for an interstate highway

You are a member of the House of Representatives, and wish to introduce a bill. What do you do?

a. announce the bill on the floor after a motion to the presiding officer

b. announce the bill on the floor and by memo to your colleagues c. offer the bill as an amendment to pending legislation

d. offer the bill to the Speaker of the House e. place the bill in the hopper

Which response best reflects the dilemma of earmarks?

a. Earmarks are beneficial to taxpayers but detrimental to reelection.

b. Earmarks favor federal employees at the expense of state employees.

c. Earmarks favor one district at the expense of all American taxpayers.

d. Earmarks are always wasteful expenditures but are useful to politicians.

e. Earmarks are typically beneficial to districts but allow the federal government to collect an undue share of tax revenue.

One example of the Framers’ intent to insulate the Senate from the tyranny of the majority was to __.

a. give members lifetime appointments b. give the Senate authority to overturn a presidential veto without House ratification

c. give the Senate authority to overturn a Supreme Court decision

d. have members appointed by incumbent senators e. have members appointed by their respective state legislatures

How are committee chairs selected in the House?

a. a subject knowledge test b. interviews to determine party loyalty

c. joint decision of the majority and minority leaders d. seniority within the committee

e. seniority within the party

Which kind of committee can be convened to conduct a special investigation in the event of a major scandal?

a. conference b. investigative c. joint d. judiciary e. standing

Which example best demonstrates a legislator acting as a trustee of his or her constituency?

a. A legislator considers public opinion, refining it with information and careful thought.

b. A legislator does whatever is best for his or her reelection.

c. A legislator follows the public opinion of his or her constituency.

d. A legislator heeds public opinion in every case, except in matters of personal conscience.

e. A legislator may follow his or her conscience unless public opinion is clear.

The Jack Abramoff bribery scandal prompted Congress to enact new ethics rules, starting in 2007. Under these new rules, members of Congress _.

a. may accept meals, but not gifts, from lobbyists b. may accept payment for making speeches and attending events

c. may accept small gifts from lobbyists, but they must be reported

d. may not accept free travel for any reason e. may not accept gifts, travel, or meals from lobbyists

How have the ideological positions of the two parties in Congress shifted over the last two decades?

a. Both Republicans and Democrats have become more conservative.

b. Both Republicans and Democrats have become more liberal.

c. Both Republicans and Democrats have become more moderate.

d. Both Republicans and Democrats have stayed the same ideologically.

e. Republicans have become more liberal and Democrats have become more conservative.

Although most incumbents are reelected with ease, the price may be the necessity _.

a. to caucus with the opposing party b. to forego running for leadership positions

c. to give up seniority d. to resign from a committee assignment e. to run a permanent campaign

What was the origin of the dispute resulting in the 2012 Super Committee?

a. constitutional prohibition on raising the debt ceiling b. constitutional prohibition on federal borrowing

c. inability to balance the budget d. Democrat desire to cut social program funding

e. Republican desire to raise taxes

True-False Questions

The House currently has 435 members, but this number increases every ten years with the taking of the census, as mandated by the Constitution.Appropriations committees help determine the programs that will be funded, while authorizations committees determine the amount of monies to be distributed.“Markup” refers to pencil marks left on a bill after a committee or subcommittee finishes modifying or amending it.The Framers purposely rigged Congress to be inefficient.A rider is an addendum to a bill. It must be related to the bill, and intended to secure or defeat its passage.
Which kind of committee can be convened to conduct a special investigation in the event of a major scandal?

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